Median Household Income in Singapore, Singapore’s Average Household Income, singapore income group classification, average household income per capita singapore, Singapore's average household income, Singapore's average household income by age, average monthly household income singapore, what is considered high income in singapore, singstat household income,

What Is Singapore’s Average Household Income and How It Differs From Individual Salaries 2024

Singapore’s average household income is a statistical measure that reflects the combined earnings of all members within a household. This figure encapsulates wages, salaries, bonuses, and income from investments, painting a comprehensive picture of the financial health of a family unit. It provides valuable insights into the economic status and living standards of Singaporean households, serving as a key indicator for government policy-making and social economic research.

However, the average household income differs from the salaries that individuals earn. Salaries are the remuneration employees receive from their employers for their labour or services, typically expressed as an annual figure or an hourly wage. These payments are subject to employment terms, job roles, and market forces. In contrast, household income is the aggregation of salaries of all working individuals in the household and may also include other sources of income.

This distinction is critical for understanding the economic landscape of Singapore, as it affects consumption patterns, saving behaviours, and investment decisions. The factors contributing to the difference between household income and individual salaries include the number of working members in a household, diverse income streams, and the economic participation of different household demographics.

Here are some of our top picks on:

Overview of Singapore’s Economy

Singapore’s economy is characterized by its high household income levels and a prosperous free-market economy. The interplay between individual salaries and collective household income is pivotal to understanding its economic dynamics. In 2023, the GDP per capita in Singapore was $113,779.

Role of Household Income in the Economy

Household income in Singapore acts as a vital indicator of economic health, signalling consumption patterns and saving behaviours. It is often scrutinised to gauge the standard of living and the distribution of wealth among the population. A higher aggregate household income typically correlates with increased consumer spending, which stimulates economic growth.

Comparing Salaries and Household Income

Salaries and household incomes, though related, paint different economic pictures. An individual’s salary represents their personal earnings from employment or business activities. Household income, on the other hand, encompasses the total income of all members residing in a single household, often including various sources such as investments and benefits. This distinction is important for economic analysis and policy-making, as it affects taxation, social benefits, and economic forecasting.

Determining Household Income

Household income is the combined gross income of all members of a household. It includes wages, salaries, and other forms of income, such as investments and benefits.

Sources of Household Income

Household income comprises several streams, beyond just regular salaries. These sources may include:

  • Employment Income: Salaries, wages, bonuses, and any other earnings from employment.
  • Investment Returns: Dividends, interest, and profits from financial assets.
  • Retirement Income: Pensions and withdrawals from retirement accounts.
  • Government Benefits: Social security, unemployment benefits, and other public assistance funds.
  • Rental Income: Earnings from leasing properties.
  • Business Income: Profits for those who own businesses or are self-employed.

Measurement Metrics for Household Income

To accurately assess household income, statisticians employ specific metrics such as:

  • Mean Household Income: The average income per household.
  • Median Household Income: The middle income value when all households are listed from highest to lowest income.
  • Income Distribution: Evaluation of how income is spread across the population, often represented in quintiles or deciles.
  • Gini Coefficient: A measure of income inequality within a population, ranging from 0 (perfect equality) to 1 (perfect inequality).

Average Household Income in Singapore

Singapore’s average household income reflects the earnings of families and includes various sources of income. The figure is pivotal for understanding economic health and living standards.

Historical Trends

From the past decades, Singapore’s average household income has shown a consistent increase. In a study published by the Department of Statistics Singapore, between 2000 and 2020, the median household income from work per household member increased from SGD 1,863 to SGD 2,470.

Factors Affecting Household Income

Household income in Singapore is influenced by multiple factors that range from individual educational backgrounds to state policies. Understanding these nuances is crucial for grasping the bigger picture.

Education and Employment

Household income is closely tied to the education level and employment status of its members. Generally, higher educational qualifications lead to employment in higher-paying jobs. For example:

  • Postgraduate Degree Holders tend to secure executive roles with greater compensation packages.
  • Skilled Professionals with specialised vocational training often command competitive salaries in technical fields.

Additionally, the industry in which an individual is employed affects income. Sectors like finance, pharmaceutical sciences and technology usually offer higher wages compared to other industries.

Government Policies and Subsidies

Government interventions play a significant role in shaping household incomes. Singapore’s government has implemented various policies that effectively redistribute wealth and support low-income families. Key policies include:

  • Progressive Tax System: Higher earners are taxed at a higher rate, which helps to fund subsidies and social programmes.
  • Housing Grants: Subsidies for public housing that make homeownership more affordable for the majority.
  • Workfare Income Supplement: Extra financial assistance for low-wage workers to supplement their income.

These subsidies and policies aim to reduce inequality and ensure a minimum standard of living for all residents.

The Disparity Between Salaries and Household Income

In Singapore, household income includes the total earnings of all members living under one roof, whereas individual salaries represent the income of each working person. These two figures often differ due to multiple factors.

Inclusion of Non-Wage Earners

A household typically comprises several individuals, some of whom may not be actively earning a salary. These may include retirees, students, or homemakers. The inclusion of non-wage earners in household statistics can result in a higher or lower average income compared to the salaries of employed residents.

  • Non-earners impact household income computations, as their lack of income is averaged with the earnings of those who work within the household.
  • The Central Provident Fund (CPF) contributions from working residents can also constitute part of the household income, although these are not reflected in monthly take-home salaries.

Variability of Salaries

Salaries in Singapore vary widely depending on one’s industry, role, and experience level. This variability contributes to the disparity when comparing individual earnings to household income figures.

  • Professions in industries such as finance or technology may boast higher average salaries, which can skew overall household income figures if members of the household work in these sectors.
  • Contrarily, households with members earning salaries below the median can display a household income that is less than the national average figure for individual earnings.

Salaries are subject to changes such as increments, bonuses, or deductions. These fluctuations affect individual income but may not significantly alter the average household income if there are multiple earners.


Singapore’s average household income is a figure that encompasses the combined earnings of all members within a household. It is distinct from individual salaries because it aggregates the total income of the household, which may include multiple income streams from different working adults, as well as other sources such as investments or passive income.

  • The difference in figures between average household income and individual salaries can be attributed to:
    • The number of working individuals per household.
    • Diverse income levels within the same household.
    • Additional non-salary income contributing to the household.

The average household income is often used as an economic indicator to understand the standard of living and to assess the fiscal health of a population segment. It also assists policymakers in crafting targeted social support schemes.

It is important for individuals to recognise that their personal salary may not reflect the average household income due to the variances in household composition and size.

In analysing Singapore’s average household income, one must consider:

  • The median income reflects the middle point, where half the households earn more and half earn less.
  • The mean income could be skewed by high earners.

When considering economic data, it is crucial to acknowledge the complexity and multifaceted nature of household incomes. This recognition leads to a better understanding of the social and economic landscape of Singapore.

Read more: